科技论文规范写作与编辑(第3版)

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内容简介: 本书是作者在总结长期工作实践、探索、研究和创新的经验基础上,将写作与编辑融为一体,以科技论文
写作要求及有关国家标准、规范为依据,运用现代汉语、英语语法,并结合大量实例撰写而成。全面阐述了
科技论文规范写作、编辑的规则和技巧,内容深浅适宜,有很强的针对性、指导性和实用性,参考价值较高。
全书共分 11章。内容包括科技论文的基础知识;科技论文各个组成部分及其中量、单位、插图、表格、
式子、数字、字母、名词(术语)、参考文献等的规范使用与表达;现代汉语中语素、词、词组、句子、句群
多层次书面语使用的场合、规则及标点符号的用法;英文规范表达的原则及英文标点符号的使用场合;科技
论文中的常见语病。
本书采用论述与实例相结合的方式,内容全面,材料详实,结构清晰,所用实例主要来自科技期刊、
同行专著,以及作者多年实践工作的积累,适合科研、工程技术人员等科技工作者和科技期刊、图书、网络
出版、新媒体编辑参考,适合作高等学校教师、学生的论文写作参考或自学用书,以及科技写作、编辑的培
训教材或学习材料。

目录:
第3 版序···································································································Ⅰ
第1、2 版序一···························································································Ⅲ
第1、2 版序二···························································································Ⅴ
第3 版前言·······························································································Ⅶ
第2 版前言·······························································································Ⅸ
第1 版前言······························································································Ⅺ
第1 章 科技论文基础知识·······································································1
1.1 科学研究与科技论文的概念································································
1
1.1.1 科学研究的概念····································································
1
1.1.2 科技论文的概念····································································
1
1.2 科技论文的特点··············································································
2
1.3 科技论文的分类·············································································
4
1. 3.1 按所属学科和专业类别分类··················································
4
1.3.2 按写作目的和发挥作用分类······················································4
1.3.3 按研究方式和论述内容分类······················································6
1.4 科技论文的结构·············································································
8
1.4.1 科技论文结构的概念·····························································
8
1.4.2 科技论文结构的要求·····························································
8
1.4.3 科技论文的结构及组成···························································
9
1.5 科技论文的规范发表·······································································
11
1.5.1 写作与编辑·········································································11
1.5.2 标准、规范的概念··································································12
1.5.3 规范发表的概念···································································13
1.5.4 规范发表的实现过程·····························································
14
1.5.5 规范发表的时间要素·····························································
16
1.5.6 规范发表的内容···································································17
1.6 科技论文规范发表的作用·································································
18
CONTENTS
科技论文规范写作与编辑(第3 版)
− XIV −
第2 章 结构组成及规范表达··································································19
2.1 题名···························································································
19
2.1.1 内容规范表达·····································································
19
2.1.2 语言规范表达·····································································
20
2.1.3 英文题名规范表达································································22
2.1.4 缩略语正确使用···································································26
2.1.5 页眉·················································································27
2.1.6 系列题名问题·····································································
27
2.1.7 中英文题名内容一致性··························································
28
2.2 署名···························································································
28
2.2.1 署名格式规范表达································································28
2.2.2 人名规范表达······································································29
2.2.3 单位名称规范表达································································30
2.2.4 其他注意事项······································································31
2.3 摘要···························································································
32
2.3.1 摘要的特点········································································
32
2.3.2 摘要的作用········································································
32
2.3.3 摘要的基本结构及内容··························································
33
2.3.4 摘要的基本类型···································································33
2.3.5 摘要规范表达一般原则··························································
36
2.3.6 英文摘要规范表达································································37
2.3.7 中英文摘要内容一致性··························································
40
2.3.8 不规范摘要示例···································································41
2.3.9 Ei 对英文摘要规范写作的要求··················································43
2.4 关键词························································································
45
2.4.1 关键词分类········································································
45
2.4.2 关键词标引········································································
45
2.4.3 关键词标引常见问题·····························································
47
2.5 正文···························································································
48
2.5.1 正文的内容和组成································································48
2.5.2 正文的层次标题···································································49
2.5.3 正文的表达方式···································································49
2.5.3.1 议论····································································49
2.5.3.2 记叙····································································52
2.5.3.3 说明····································································55
2.5.4 正文的基本要求···································································57
2.5.5 正文的常见问题···································································58
目录
− XV −
2.6 引言···························································································
58
2.6.1 引言规范写作原则································································59
2.6.2 引言示例分析·····································································
60
2.7 材料与方法···················································································
62
2.8 结果···························································································
63
2.9 讨论···························································································
64
2.10 结论·························································································
66
2.10.1 结论规范写作原则·····························································67
2.10.2 结论示例分析··································································
67
2.11 致谢··························································································
68
2.12 作者简介····················································································
69
2.13 基金项目····················································································
70
2.14 中图分类号·················································································
71
2.15 文献标识码·················································································
72
2.16 论文编号····················································································
72
2.16.1 文章编号········································································
72
2.16.2 DOI··············································································
73
2.17 论文日期信息··············································································
73
2.18 附录·························································································
74
第3 章 量和单位的规范使用··································································75
3.1 物理量·······················································································
75
3.1.1 量的概念···········································································
75
3.1.2 量制·················································································76
3.1.3 量的单位和数值···································································76
3.1.4 量的方程式········································································
77
3.1.5 量的量纲···········································································
77
3.1.6 量纲一的量········································································
78
3.1.7 量名称和符号·····································································
78
3.1.8 量名称中所用术语的规则·······················································
82
3.2 计量单位·····················································································
83
3.2.1 单位的概念········································································
83
3.2.2 单位制··············································································84
3.2.3 国际单位制········································································
85
3.2.4 我国法定计量单位································································85
3.2.5 单位一··············································································88
科技论文规范写作与编辑(第3 版)