人格心理学(第5版,英文版)

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内容简介: 一直以来,人格心理学不仅是心理学领域的重要分支,也是广大普通读者非常感兴趣的学科。人格心理学的发展已进入黄金发展期。在前面版本的基础上,作者在本书第5版中更新了最近几年人格心理学研究的新成果,并对内容重新修订,使得这一版本在语言和内容上更加精炼。
本书围绕人格功能的六个重要知识领域来组织架构,这有别于其他的人格心理学教科书,会给读者耳目一新的感觉,代表了当代人格心理学体系构建的新趋势。这六大领域分别是:特性领域(特质、特质分类和跨时间的人格特性)、生物学领域(生理、遗传和自我)、心理动力领域(心理动力和动机)、认知经验领域(认知、情绪和自我)、社会和文化领域(社会交互作用、性别和文化)以及调适领域(压力、应对、健康和动机)。
本书强调人格的整体性,注重不同领域间的联系性,在组织体系上具有新颖性。
本书既适合高等院校心理学专业的本科生、研究生和专家学者研读,也适合对人格心理学感兴趣的读者轻松阅读。

目录: Brief Contents
INTRODUCTION
1. Introduction to Personality Psychology 2
2. Personality Assessment, Measurement, and Research Design 22
PART I
The Dispositional Domain
3. Traits and Trait Taxonomies 56
4. the oretical and Measurement Issues in Trait Psychology 88
5. Personality Dispositions over Time: Stability, Coherence, and Change 124
PART II
The Biological Domain
6. Genetics and Personality 156
7. Physiological Approaches to Personality 186
8. Evolutionary Perspectives on Personality 224
PART III
The Intrapsychic Domain
9. Psychoanalytic Approaches to Personality 260
10. Psychoanalytic Approaches: Contemporary Issues 296
11. Motives and Personality 326
PART IV
The Cognitive/Experiential Domain
12. Cognitive Topics in Personality 364
13. Emotion and Personality 394
14. Approaches to the Self 432
PART V
The Social and Cultural Domain
15. Personality and Social Interaction462
16. Sex, Gender, and Personality 490
17. Culture and Personality 518
PART VI
The Adjustment Domain
18. Stress, Coping, Adjustment, and Health 548
19. Disorders of Personality 580
CONCLUSION
20. Summary and Future Directions 620

媒体评论: 这是市面上最好的一本当代人格心理学教科书。作者不但给学生提供了一本特别易懂和有趣的教材,还表达了自己对当代人格心理学的独到见解。
迈克尔鲍德温
美国弗雷斯诺加州州立大学
《人格心理学》(第5版)是一本对心理学专业的师生以及其他专业的心理学爱好者很有用的书,因为它向我们呈现了一幅完整而丰富的人格图景。
郭永玉
华中师范大学心理学院教授


书摘: Aristotle,in The Nicomachean Ethics, expressed these wise observations on the subject of humor and people who do and do not indulge in it. In this quote we see Aristotle behaving much as a personality psychologist. Aristotle is analyzing the characteristics of persons who have an appropriate sense of humor, providing some details about what features are associated with a sense of humor. Aristotle adds to this description by comparing people who are extreme, having either too much or too little sense of humor. In his book on ethics, Aristotle described and analyzed many personality characteristics, including truthfulness, courage, intel-ligence, self-indulgence, anger proneness, and friendliness.
We might conclude that Aristotle was an amateur personality psychologist. But aren’t we all amateur personality psychologists to some extent? Aren’t we all curious about the characteristics people possess, including our own characteristics? Don’t we all use personality characteristics in describing people? And haven’t we all used personality characteristics to explain behavior, either our own or others’?When we say that our friend goes to a lot of parties because she is outgoing, we are using personality to explain her behavior. When we refer to another friend as conscien-tious and reliable, we are describing features of his personality. When we characterize ourselves as thoughtful, intelligent, and ambitious, we are describing features of our personalities.
Features of personality make people different from one another, and these features usually take the form of adjectives, such as John is lazy, Mary is optimistic, and Fred is anxious. Adjectives that can be used to describe characteristics of people are called trait-descriptive adjectives. There are nearly 20,000 such trait-descriptive adjectives in the English language. This astonishing fact alone tells us that, in everyday life, there are compelling reasons for trying to understand and describe those we interact with, as well as ourselves.
Notice that the adjectives describing personality refer to several very different as-pects of people. Words such as thoughtful refer to inner qualities of mind. Words such as charming and humorous refer to the effects a person has on other people. Words such as domineering are relational and signify a person’s position, or stance, toward others. Words such as ambitious refer to the intensity of desire to reach our goals. Words such as creative refer both to a quality of mind and to the nature of the products we produce. Words such as deceitful refer to the strategies a person uses to attain his or her goals.
All of these features describe aspects of personality.
Exercise? Think of someone you know well—say, a friend, family member, or roommate. Consider the many characteristics that make this person unique. List the ? ve adjectives you think best capture this person’s personality. For example, if you were to describe this person to someone, what ? ve adjectives would you use? Now, ask your target person to list the ? ve adjectives he or she thinks best describe him- or herself. Compare your lists.
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