心理学纲要(第10版,英文版)

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内容简介: 这部由罗伯特·费尔德曼撰写的《心理学纲要》(Essentials of Understanding Psychology)在英美等国被300多所大学采用,是最受欢迎的导论性心理学教材之一。本书即影印自该教材的最新第10版。
《心理学纲要(第10版,英文版)》分为14章,依次为:心理学导言,神经科学与行为,感觉与知觉,意识状态,学习,记忆,思维、语言与智力,动机与情绪,发展,人格,健康心理学,心理障碍,心理障碍的治疗,社会心理学。在此基础上,全书进一步划分为46个独立的模块,读者可以根据自己的兴趣有选择地阅读。这种独树一帜的模块化设计,不仅适应于课堂教学,也非常适合普通读者来自学。
从第1版到第10版,作者始终秉持“把学生放在首位”的宗旨,致力于吸引学生的注意,将心理学知识传授给学生,进而激发学生的兴趣,帮助他们将心理学与日常世界建立起联系。作者的语言简练,生动形象,书中的各种教辅材料,如各种精美图片、互动游戏、视频及题库,更是为教师的课堂教学和学生的自主学习提供了全面解决方案。
本书特别适合用作普通心理学双语教学课教材或参考读物,也适合喜欢直接读英文原著的心理学爱好者阅读。


目录:
Brief Contents
Preface xxiii
CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Psychology 2
MODULE 1 Psychologists at Work 5
MODULE 2 A Science Evolves: The Past, the Present, and the Future 14
MODULE 3 Research in Psychology 26
MODULE 4 Critical Research Issues 40
CHAPTER 2 Neuroscience and Behavior 48
MODULE 5 Neurons: The Basic Elements of Behavior 51
MODULE 6 The Nervous System and the Endocrine System: Communicating Within the Body 60
MODULE 7 The Brain 68
CHAPTER 3 Sensation and Perception 86
MODULE 8 Sensing the World Around Us 89
MODULE 9 Vision: Shedding Light on the Eye 94
MODULE 10 Hearing and the Other Senses 104
MODULE 11 Perceptual Organization: Constructing Our View of the World 116
CHAPTER 4 States of Consciousness 130
MODULE 12 Sleep and Dreams 133
MODULE 13 Hypnosis and Meditation 147
MODULE 14 Drug Use: The Highs and Lows of Consciousness 152
CHAPTER 5 Learning 166
MODULE 15 Classical Conditioning 169
MODULE 16 Operant Conditioning 177
MODULE 17 Cognitive Approaches to Learning 192
CHAPTER 6 Memory 202
MODULE 18 The Foundations of Memory 205
MODULE 19 Recalling Long-Term Memories 218
MODULE 20 Forgetting: When Memory Fails 228
CHAPTER 7Thinking, Language, and Intelligence 238
MODULE 21 Thinking and Reasoning 241
MODULE 22 Language 257
MODULE 23 Intelligence 266
CHAPTER 8 Motivation and Emotion 286
MODULE 24 Explaining Motivation 289
MODULE 25 Human Needs and Motivation: Eat, Drink, and Be Daring 296
MODULE 26 Understanding Emotional Experiences 313
CHAPTER 9 Development 326
MODULE 27 Nature and Nurture: The Enduring Developmental Issue 329
MODULE 28 Infancy and Childhood 340
MODULE 29 Adolescence: Becoming an Adult 358
MODULE 30 Adulthood 368
CHAPTER 10 Personality 382
MODULE 31 Psychodynamic Approaches to Personality 385
MODULE 32 Trait, Learning, Biological and Evolutionary, and Humanistic Approaches to Personality 395
MODULE 33 Assessing Personality: Determining What Makes Us Distinctive 408
CHAPTER 11 Health Psychology: Stress, Coping, and Well-Being 418
MODULE 34 Stress and Coping 421
MODULE 35 Psychological Aspects of Illness and Well-Being 434
MODULE 36 Promoting Health and Wellness 441
CHAPTER 12 Psychological Disorders 450
MODULE 37 Normal Versus Abnormal: Making the Distinction 453
MODULE 38 The Major Psychological Disorders 463
MODULE 39 Psychological Disorders in Perspective 483
CHAPTER 13 Treatment of Psychological Disorders 492
MODULE 40 Psychotherapy: Psychodynamic, Behavioral, and Cognitive Approaches to Treatment 495
MODULE 41 Psychotherapy: Humanistic, Interpersonal, and Group Approaches to Treatment 507
MODULE 42 Biomedical Therapy: Biological Approaches to Treatment 515
CHAPTER 14 Social Psychology 526
MODULE 43 Attitudes and Social Cognition 529
MODULE 44 Social Infl uence and Groups 541
MODULE 45 Prejudice and Discrimination 549
MODULE 46 Positive and Negative Social Behavior 555
Glossary
References

媒体评论: 本书具有以下一些特点:第一,内容全面而且具有近时性。该书不仅涵盖了心理学的基本概念、基本原理和基本理论,而且还包含应用研究的内容。从引用的文献来看,在这本教材中引用自2000年以来的参考文献就有一千余条。第二,结构新颖且有助于学生自主学习。作者根据自己的教学经验富有创意地在课文中设计了一系列提示性短文或专栏,渗透着作者提出的P.O.W.E.R(即预习、组织、实践、评价、反思)学习模式。第三,语言简练,清新自然,生动形象且富有激情。全书没有生僻、拗口的语句;对事实和现象的描述多采用比较客观的陈述句和被动结构等,其他内容大多采用与读者对话的口吻。大量采用图片、图表甚至视频资料等配合文本,使许多看似深奥的道理跃然纸上;各种及时互动以及突显的与日常生活密切相关的问题促人思考,有关表述富有激情。
基于上述,我乐意向读者推荐这本导论性的心理学教材。
 
黄希庭
西南大学心理学院资深教授
曾任中国心理学会第七届和第八届副理事长兼
心理学教学工作委员会主任


书摘: Psychologists at Work
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. The simplicity of this defi nition is in some ways deceiving, concealing ongoing debates about how broad the scope of psychology should be. Should psychologists limit themselves to the study of outward, observable behavior? Is it possible to study thinking scientifically? Should the field encompass the study of such diverse topics as physical and mental health, perception, dreaming, and motivation? Is it appropriate to focus solely on human behavior, or should the behavior of other species be included?
Most psychologists would argue that the field should be receptive to a variety of viewpoints and approaches. Consequently, the phrase behavior and mental processes in the definition of psychology must be understood to mean many things: It encompasses not just what people do but also their thoughts, emotions, perceptions, reasoning processes, memories, and even the biological activities that maintain bodily functioning.
Psychologists try to describe, predict, and explain human behavior and mental processes, as well as helping to change and improve the lives of people and the world in which they live. They use scientific methods to find answers that are far more valid and legitimate than those resulting from intuition and speculation, which are often inaccurate (see Figure 1).
The Subfields of Psychology: Psychology’s Family Tree
As the study of psychology has grown, it has given rise to a number of subfields (described in Figure 2). The subfields of psychology can be likened to an extended family, with assorted nieces and nephews, aunts and uncles, and cousins who, although they may not interact on a day-to-day basis, are related to one another, because they share a common goal: understanding behavior. One way to identify the key subfields is to look at some of the basic questions about behavior that they address.
WHAT ARE THE BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF BEHAVIOR?
In the most fundamental sense, people are biological organisms. Behavioral neuroscience is the subfield of psychology that mainly examines how the brain and the nervous system—but other biological processes as well—determine behavior. Thus, neuroscientists consider how our bodies influence our behavior. For example, they may examine the link between specific sites in the brain and the muscular tremors of people affected by Parkinson’s disease or attempt to determine how our emotions are related to physical sensations. Behavioral neuroscientists might want to know what physiological changes occurred as movie patrons in the theater where Batman was showing realized they were being shot at.
HOW DO PEOPLE SENSE, PERCEIVE, LEARN, AND THINK ABOUT THE WORLD?
If you have ever wondered why you are susceptible to optical illusions, how your body registers pain, or how to make the most of your study time, an experimental psychologist can answer your questions. Experimental psychology is the branch of psychology that studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and thinking about the world. (The term experimental psychologist is somewhat misleading: Psychologists in every specialty area use experimental techniques.)
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